Wednesday, 24 September 2014

My affection will assemble us both together

"My affection will assemble us both together upon the arrival of restoration. Savages have set stones between us in this world." 

-Rahila Moska, an adolescent Afghan lady writer from Helmand 

On April 8, 2010, Rahila Moska, who was 16, dedicated suicide after her guardians had found her, by and by, perusing one of her adoration lyrics via telephone. Her guardians accepted there was a kid on the flip side of the line, not a young lady named Ogai, who was likewise a writer and a part of Moska's week by week verse gathering of 40 ladies. Despite the fact that Moska wasn't permitted to go to in individual (her guardians had hauled her out of school), she brought in on the telephone to impart her compelling two-line lyrics called landai- -conventional Pashto sonnets that scrutinize the social request and a lady's parcel inside it. 

These ballads, hundreds of years old, are regularly composed in mystery. Landai accept the thought that the 12 million Pashtun ladies of Afghanistan and Pakistan are compliant or vanquished. As Sahira Sharif, an Afghan MP from Khost Province, puts it, "Most Pashtun ladies are not permitted to express their feelings in the public arena, not even in sonnets. Anyway the soul to raise their voice is constantly alive in them." In 2008, Sharif established an association in Kabul called Mirman Baheer, a social gathering that spins around ladies' verse. The gathering meets on Monday nights in Kabul, however has grown what it calls "cells" in more than eight territories where the ladies off and on again meet in mystery. 

Passings like that of Moska aren't irregular, yet her story is especially convincing. Utilizing Moska's story as a purpose of flight, Eliza Griswold takes after the sensation of ladies' verse in Afghanistan and inspects how 10 years of war has educated this convention. With the ladies of Mirman Baheer, Eliza likewise interprets the landai of the country's heading artists, which nobody has done since "Tunes of Love and War: Afghan Women's Poetry," altered by Sayd Majrouh, who was killed in Peshawar in 1988.

Thursday, 16 January 2014


Citizenship indicates the link between a person and a state or a connection of states. It is usually identical with the term nationality though the latter term may also talk about ethnic associations. Possession of citizenship is usually related with the right to work and live in a country and to take part in political life. A person who does not have citizenship in any state is said to be stateless.

Nationality is frequently used as a synonym for citizenship in English – especially in international law – even though the term is sometimes understood as indicating a person's membership of a nation. In some countries for instance the United States and the United Kingdom, "nationality" and "citizenship" have different meanings, and it is likely to be a national of the country but not a citizen.

Factors determining citizenship:
  • Parents are citizens
  • Born within a country
  • Marriage to a citizen
  • Naturalization